The Faces in Front of the Monitors
Pictures of people who have made a mark in any of the following: programmable computer systems, computer networks, the Internet or the security involved with those systems.

This is not a complete list but a work in progress.   Enjoy.

ARPA Network


 (1969 - 1990)   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Arpanet (Advanced Research Project Agency Network) the Internet predecessor, started in 1969. The first four nodes (networks) consisted of the University of California Los Angeles (UCLA), University of California Santa Barbara (UCSB), University of Utah and the Stanford Research Institute (SRI). Arpanet was finally decommissioned in 1990 having been largely replaced by the NSFNet (National Science Foundation Network).

The BBN IMP Team


 - 1, 2, 3    [website]

Bolt Beranek and Newman (BBN), the Cambridge, MA team that designed and deployed the Interface Message Processors (IMP) for the ARPA Network in 1969. Pictured: Truett Thach, Bill Bartell, Dave Walden, Jim Geisman, Bob Kahn, Frank Heart, Ben Barker, Marty Thrope, Will Crowther and Severo Ornstein.

Dr. Lawrence G. Roberts


 (1937 - )   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5    [website - email]

Engineer, director and principal architect of the ARPA network experiment. Often referred to as 'the father of the Arpanet', designed and wrote the network specification, drafted the Request For Proposals and oversaw all work on the project from 1966 to 1973. He's also considered one of the, 'Fathers of the Internet', along with Leonard Kleinrock, Vinton Cerf, Robert Kahn and Frank Heart.

Vinton G. Cerf


 (1943 - )   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5    [homepage - email]

Co-designer of the Internet TCP/IP networking protocol. He's also considered one of the, 'Fathers of the Internet', along with Leonard Kleinrock, Lawrence Roberts, Robert Kahn and Frank Heart.

Robert E. Kahn


 (1938 - )   - 1, 2, 3, 4    [email]

Co-designer of the Internet TCP/IP networking protocol. One time director of DARPA (Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency). Dr. Kahn coined the term National Information Infrastructure (NII) in the mid 1980s which later became more widely known as the Information Super Highway. He's also considered one of the, 'Fathers of the Internet', along with Leonard Kleinrock, Vinton Cerf, Lawrence Roberts and Frank Heart.

Frank J. Heart


 - 1, 2, 3

Considered one of the, 'Fathers of the Internet', along with Leonard Kleinrock, Vinton Cerf, Lawrence Roberts and Robert Kahn.

Leonard Kleinrock


 (1934 - )   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5    [homepage - email]

Considered one of the, 'Fathers of the Internet', along with Frank Heart, Vinton Cerf, Lawrence Roberts and Robert Kahn.

Robert W. Taylor


 (1932 - )   - 1, 2, 3, 4

Arpanet founder, also did important work at Digital Equipment Corp., Xerox and Compaq. As he says, "There are a lot of people who think that Al Gore or Bill Gates invented the Internet. It's all right. It doesn't bother me. I know what I did."

Joseph Carl Robnett Licklider


 (1915 - 1990)   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Part of the Arpanet team, J. C. R. Licklider is largely credited as the man with the earliest vision of the internet as it is today.

Dennis MacAlistair Ritchie


 (1941 - )   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5    [homepage - email]

The father of Unix and C programming language. The driving creative force behind Bell Labs' legendary computer science operating group, Ritchie and Ken Thompson created UNIX in 1969.

Kenneth "Ken" Lane Thompson


 (1943 - )   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5    [homepage - email]

The father of Unix. The driving creative force behind Bell Labs' legendary computer science operating group, Dennis Ritchie and Thompson created UNIX in 1969.

Linus Benedict Torvalds


 (1969 - )   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5    [homepage - email]

While a computer science student at the University of Helsinki he created the Linux operating system in 1991. See Linus get drunk (3,4,5). Linus originally named his operating system Freax.

Little Linux Guru


 - 1

I know this picture does not belong on this list but it's one of my favorites. A picture of Celeste Torvalds who is the youngest daughter of Linux creator Linus Torvalds, she's using daddy's operating system.

Steven "Woz" Gary Wozniak


 (1950 - )   - 1, 2, 3, 4    [homepage - email]

Started Apple Computer in 1976-launching the personal computer age.

Scott G. McNealy


 (1954 - )   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Chairman and CEO of Sun Microsystems. Typical McNealy quote, "You have zero privacy anyway. Get over it." McNealy is well-known for his adversarial relationship with Microsoft and its co-founder Bill Gates.

William "Bill" Henry Gates III


 (1955 - )   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Even Bill had skills (Bill is pictured lower left in picture 1). Typical Gates quote, "640K ought to be enough for anybody."

William "Bill" N. Joy


 (1955 - )   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Co-founder and Chief Scientist of Sun Microsystems, he was the principal designer of Berkeley UNIX (BSD). He also developed the C Shell (csh) and Vi (bastard).

Bjarne Stroustrup


 (1950 - )   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5    [homepage - email]

Designer and original implementor of C++ in 1983.

Marc Andreessen


 (1971 - )   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

In 1993 Marc helped develop the first Mosaic browser. Soon after, Andreessen formed Netscape Communications Corp.

Philip R. Zimmermann


 (1954 - )   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5    [homepage - email]

Pretty Good Privacy (PGP) creator. Target of a three-year criminal investigation because the government held that U.S. export restrictions for cryptographic software were violated when PGP spread all around the world following its 1991 publication as freeware.

Whitfield Diffie


 (1944 - )   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5    [email]

It was in 1976 that Diffie and Stanford University electrical engineering professor Martin Hellman created public key cryptography.

Martin E. Hellman


 (1945 - )   - 1, 2, 3    [homepage]

Together with Whitfield Diffie invented public-key cryptography in 1976. One of the results is the so called Diffie-Hellman algoritm for key exchange.

Timothy J. Berners-Lee


 (1955 - )   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5    [homepage - email]

Creator of HTML, and to any extent the World Wide Web (WWW). The man who wove the first few strands in what has grown into the World Wide Web.

Michael Leonidas Dertouzos


 (1936 - 2001)   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Computer scientist who was central in establishing the World Wide Web as an international standard.

Paul Baran


 (1926 - )   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Developed the concept of packet switched networks.

Claude Elwood Shannon


 (1916 - 2001)   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

He did important work showing how logic could be applied to the design of relay circuits--in short, that the true and false of Boolean logic could be the same as the on and off of an electric switch.

Stephen D. Crocker


 (1944 - )   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5    [email]

RFCs (Request for Comments) were invented by Stephen Crocker. RFCs brought standards to the Internet.

Jonathan Bruce Postel


 (1943 - 1998)   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Managed the Internet numbers, country codes, and other parameters that provide the basic structure that enables the Net to work (IANA & ICANN). One of the key people who helped administer the Internet from its beginning, until he passed away in 1998. A Request For Comments (RFC) without his name on it, is rare.

Richard Matthew Stallman


 (1953 - )   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5    [website - email]

'RMS' - Created the GNU free software project. Stallman walked in off the street and got a job at MIT's Artificial Intelligence Lab in 1971.

Douglas Carl Engelbart


 (1925 - )   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Developed the mouse, the graphical user interface and the first working hypertext system.

Steven M. Bellovin


 (1951 - )   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5    [homepage -  email]

Jim Ellis and Tom Truscott conceived of the Usenet concept, and Steve Bellovin wrote the first program.

David G. Korn


 (1943 - )   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5    [homepage - email]

Developed the Korn Shell (ksh), a command language that makes computers easier for programmers and nonprogrammers to use.

Jarkko Oikarinen


 - 1, 2    [homepage]

Founder of Internet Relay Chat, IRC, in 1988.

Eric Allman


 (1959 - )   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5    [homepage - email]

Eric wrote Sendmail and syslog (syslogd).

Randal Lee Schwartz


 (1962 - )   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5    [homepage - email]

Gifted programmer who has contributed immensely to the Perl community.

Randy Bush


 - 1, 2, 3    [homepage - email]

Randy was an early FIDOnet pioneer and co-chair of the IETF.

Ray Tomlinson


 (1941 - )   - 1, 2, 3    [homepage - email]

A programmer who first used the "@" symbol for sending email in 1972.

Jon "Maddog" Hall


 - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5    [email]

The legendary executive director of Linux International was directly responsible for the port of Linux to the Alpha processor. Jon has been a very vocal advocate of Linux and had been in the UNIX group for sixteen years as an engineer.

Larry Wall


 (1954 - )   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5    [homepage - email]

Known for his creation of the Perl computer language in 1987

Miguel de Icaza


 (1973 - )   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5    [homepage - email]

Co-founder of Ximian (Helix) GNOME.

Nat Friedman


 (1977 - )   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5    [website - email]

Co-founder of Ximian (Helix) GNOME.

James A. Gosling


 (1956 - )   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5    [homepage - email]

Java inventor. James Gosling also invented NeWS, the networked PostScript-based window system used by Sun for years. He also wrote the first Unix version of EMACS (Gosling Emacs which became Unipress Emacs).

Michael D. Tiemann


 - 1, 2, 3, 4    [homepage - email]

Chief Technical Officer for Red Hat. He made his first major open source contribution over a decade ago by writing the GNU C++ compiler.

Gary Kildall


 (1942 - 1994)   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Created CP/M, the first operating system to see popular use. He also helped form the Home Brew Computer Club. Gary was the first person to interface a disk system to a microcomputer and create an operating system for it. In the book They Made America the story is told when Gary missed out on the opportunity to supply IBM with the operating system for its first PC -- essentially handing the chance of a lifetime, and control of tech's future, to rival Bill Gates and Microsoft.

Grace Murray Hopper


 (1906 - 1992)   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Grace developed the Flowmatic computer language for the UNIVAC 1. Flowmatic was the foundation from which COBOL was developed (1959). She was an explorer at the dawn of the digital age, a visionary programmer at a time when the world of computer science was overwhelmingly male. Was also named a rear admiral, the first female rear admiral in the U. S. Navy.

Robert "Bob" M. Metcalfe


 (1946 - )   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5    [email]

The inventor of Ethernet and founder of 3Com Corporation.

Shawn Fanning


 (1980 - )   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

In 1999 Shawn authored Napster which was one of the first programs that popularized Peer-to-Peer (P2P) file sharing.

David Filo and Chih-Yuan "Jerry" Yang


 - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Founders of the search engine Yahoo (Yet Another Hierarchical Officious Oracle). They were working on their doctorates at Stanford in the Computer Systems Laboratory in 1994 when they began compiling a guide to World Wide Web sites that they found interesting. Yahoo made both David and Jerry billionaires before they were 30.

Tom Jennings


 (1955 - )   - 1, 2    [homepage - email]

Founder of FidoNet in 1983. FidoNet will later consist of approximately 10,000 systems world-wide which comprise a network which exchanges mail and files via modems using a proprietary protocol. They are connected for the purposes of exchanging emai over the Internet thru a series of gateway systems which interact with the Internet via Unix to Unix Copy Protocol (UUCP) with cooperating UNIX-based smart-hosts which act as their MX-receivers.

Richard Phillips Feynman


 (1918 - 1988)   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Worked on the first atomic bomb at Los Alamos. Cracked security left and right. Won the Nobel prize for physics in 1965. Mentor of Tsutomu Shimomura.

Theodor "Ted" Holm Nelson


 (1937 - )   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Inventor of hypertext. Author of Computer Lib / Dream Machines, a hand-written 1970's self-published classic, that self-taught thousands of people about the promise of small computers, in an era when most computers lived in big glassed-in air-conditioned rooms. Visionary whose vision, Xanadu Hypertext Publishing System, exceeded his grasp. Mentor of Tsutomu Shimomura at Princeton.

John Gilmore


 (1955 - )   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5    [homepage - email]

EFF co-founder John Gilmore has been thinking about computers, writing software and standing up for freedom for 20 years.

Theo de Raadt


 (1968 - )   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5    [homepage - email]

Theo de Raadt is the founder of the OpenBSD and OpenSSH projects. He was also one of the 4 people who started the NetBSD project.

Marc Richard Ewing


 (1969 - )   - 1, 2, 3

Co-founder of Red Hat linux, which was named after his grandfather's favorite old red Cornell lacrosse team cap. Ewing used to wear the cap between classes while a student in Carnegie Mellon's computer science program.

Robert F. Young


 (1954 - )   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Co-founder and Chairman of Red Hat linux and director of Tucows.

Matthias Ettrich


 (1972 - )   - 1, 2, 3, 4    [homepage - email]

Ettrich created the popular KDE windowing environment for Linux. He founded the mailing list and project team that has coded the K Desktop Environment (KDE), and has done much of the programming himself.

Guido van Rossum


 - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5    [homepage - email]

Author of the Python programming language. Companies currently using Python include Intel, Disney, Yahoo!, Industrial Light & Magic, Red Hat, NASA, Lawrence Livermore Labs, Origin Systems, Boeing, and many more.

Bruce Evans


 - 1, 2, 3

Legendary Minix guru. Also the author of the Minix-386 patches and the 16-bit assembler that is still used to assemble the Linux 16-bit startup code.

Eric Steven Raymond


 (1957 - )   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5    [homepage - email]

Eric is an Open Source evangelist. He has written many lines of code for open source projects (including fetchmail). Eric authored the 'The Cathedral and the Bazaar', an industry shaking essay which prompted Netscape executives to release their source code. In 1998 Eric posted the notorious Halloween documents that were leaked from Microsoft.

Bruce Perens


 - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5    [website - email]

Respected Open Source advocate.

Alan Cox


 (1968 - )   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Cox is Linux guru number two. Next to Linux founder Linus Torvalds, he is the guy with the most responsibility for kernel development. He's famous for turning around dozens of kernel patches and questions every single day.

Paul V. Mockapetris


 - 1, 2, 3, 4

Internet pioneer and former Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) Chair, Paul was the principle architect of the Domain Name System (DNS). He wrote the first DNS implementation while working at the University of Southern California.

Donald Ervin Knuth


 (1938 - )   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5    [homepage - emailbook]

One of the founding fathers of computer science and the author of the TeX typesetting system. Knuth also authored what many consider the Bible to all programmers, 'The Art of Computer Programming'.

Andrew "Andy" Stuart Tanenbaum


 (1944 - )   - 1, 2, 3, 4    [homepage - email - book]

Wrote the free Unix clone called Minix. Andrew also authored the popular book, Operating Systems: Design and Implementation, which has become the Bible to the few that have written operating systems.

Brian W. Kernighan


 (1942 - )   - 1, 2, 3, 4    [homepage - email]

Co-inventor of C programming language, with Dennis Ritchie, and one of the foreground figures in ancient Unix history. Brian also played a large role in creating Awk. Awk is a text-processing programming language is a useful and simple tool for manipulating text

Patrick John Volkerding


 (1967 - )   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5    [website - email]

Slackware by Patrick Volkerding becomes the first commercial standalone distribution of Linux in 1993.

Paul G. Allen


 (1953 - )   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Allen co-founded Microsoft Corporation with Bill Gates in 1975 and served as the company’s executive vice president of research and new product development, the company’s senior technology post, until 1983. Paul currently owns the Portland Trailblazers and Seattle Seahawks.

Steven Paul Jobs


 (1955 - )   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Steve Jobs is the CEO of Apple, which he co-founded in 1976. Steve is also CEO of Pixar, the computer animation studios.

Marcian "Ted" Edward Hoff, Jr.


 (1937- )   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

In 1968, Hoff joined Intel Corporation as one of its first employees. Hoff is credited as one of the first people to recognize how to make a single-chip CPU possible. He designed that architecture and so invented the first microprocessor, the chip that is essentially the "brains" in all of today's computers. Because of this, the Economist has called him "one of the seven most influential scientists since World War II."

Seymour Roger Cray


 (1925 - 1996)   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Widely considered to be the father of supercomputing, Seymour Cray was known for his passion for technological creativity and his constant search for new ideas. Cray founded Cray Research in 1972, and his name is still synonymous with the development of high speed computing.

Marcelo Tosatti


 (1983 - )   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5    [homepage]

This 18-year-old from Brazil was picked as the new maintainer of the Linux 2.4 kernel. Linus Torvalds and Alan Cox seem to have chosen Marcelo because of his experience in kernel programming, his ability to communicate with all developers and his larger-than-life dose of common sense.

Paul "Rusty" Russell


 - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5    [homepage - email]

Russell authored the current packet-filtering portion of the Linux kernel, the "IP firewall chains," its ipchains rule-specifier as well as several fixes to the GNU g++ compiler.

Ronald Linn Rivest


 (1947 - )   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5    [homepage - email]

Founder of RSA Data Security (he's the R in RSA). Professor Rivest has research interests in cryptography, computer and network security, and algorithms. Rivest helped invent the RSA public-key cryptosystem. He has extensive experience in cryptographic design and cryptanalysis, and has published numerous papers in these areas.

Adi Shamir


 (1952 - )   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Founder of RSA Data Security (he's the S in RSA). Shamir is an Israeli cryptographer. He was one of the inventors of the RSA algorithm.

Leonard M. Adleman


 (1945 - )   - 1, 2, 3    [homepage - email]

Founder of RSA Data Security (he's the A in RSA). Adleman is known for being the inventor of the RSA (Rivest-Shamir-Adleman) cryptosystem in 1977, and of DNA computing. RSA is now ubiquitous in security applications, including digital signatures. The latter may very well herald the future of computing.

John Warner Backus


 (1924 - )   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Invented FORTRAN (FORmula TRANslation), the world's first higher-level computer language. The FORTRAN language contained a compiler, or translator, that made computers much easier to use. The compiler converted binary machine language (strings of ones and zeros) into words, resulting in a computer language that was so easy to understand that nonspecialists could learn it and use it.

Brian Behlendorf


 (1973 - )   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5    [homepage - email]

Started the most popular web server project called Apache. Apache 0.6.2 was released around April of 1995.

Theodore Y. Ts'o


 (1968 - )   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5    [homepage - email]

Theodore Ts'o has been C/Unix developer since 1987, and has been a Linux kernel developer since September 1991. He led the development of Kerberos V5 at MIT for seven years, and is the primary author and maintainer of the ext2/ext3 filesystem utilities.

Cyrus West Field


 (1819 - 1892)   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Cyrus West Field was an American businessman who was chiefly responsible for laying the first submarine telegraph cable between America and Europe. In 1854 Field proposed the construction of a 2,000-mile-long underwater telegraph line between Newfoundland and Ireland. In 1858 Field successfully established telegraphic communication between the two, but the line went dead after a month. A commercially viable cable was finally laid in 1866.

Andrew S. Grove


 (1936 - )   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Grove is the Chairman of the Board of Intel Corporation, as well as a former Chief Executive Officer (CEO) who participated in the founding of the company.

Charles Babbage


 (1791 - 1871)   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Charles Babbage was an English mathematician and inventor credited with conceiving the first automatic digital computer, a forerunner of the modern computer.

M. Douglas McIlroy


 - 1, 2,3    [homepage - email]

Head of the research department at Bell Labs when UNIX was born. Invented Pipes and Filters for UNIX.
cat * | grep "alice" | grep -v "wonderland" | wc -l

Stephen C. Tweedie


 - 1, 2, 3, 4

Stephen has been a Linux kernel guru since early 1993, when he started helping with ext2 development and he has worked on various parts of the kernel since, especially on filesystems and the VM. He wrote and maintains the ext3 journaled filesystem. Currently works for Red Hat.

Paul Vixie


 - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Paul Vixie has been contributing to Internet protocols and UNIX systems as a protocol designer and software architect since 1980. Early in his career, he developed and introduced sends, proxynet, rtty, cron and other lesser-known tools. Today, Paul is considered the primary modern author and technical architect of BINDv8 the Berkeley Internet Name Domain Version 8. He formed the Internet Software Consortium (ISC) in 1994.

Rob Pike


 (1956 - )   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5    [homepage - email]

Canadian who was a Member of Technical Staff at Bell Laboratories. In 1981 he wrote the first bitmap window system for Unix systems, and has since written ten more. With Bart Locanthi he designed the Blit terminal; with Brian Kernighan he authored the books, The Unix Programming Environment and The Practice of Programming. Currently works for Google.

Tim O'Reilly


 - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5    [homepage - email]

Tim O'Reilly is the founder and CEO of O'Reilly & Associates, Inc., the publisher whose books are considered the definitive works on Open Source technologies such as Perl, Linux, Apache, and the Internet infrastructure. Tim convened the first "Open Source Summit" to bring together the leaders of major Open Source communities, and has been active in promoting the Open Source movement through writing, speaking, and conferences.

Marshall Kirk McKusick


 (1954 - )   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5    [website - email]

Copyright holder of the BSD Daemon image. Kirk also writes books and articles, consults, and teaches classes on Unix- and BSD-related subjects. While at the University of California at Berkeley, he implemented the 4.2BSD fast file system, and was the Research Computer Scientist at the Berkeley Computer Systems Research Group (CSRG) overseeing the development and release of 4.3BSD and 4.4BSD.

Tom Paquin


 - 1, 2

Tom first joined IBM Research to work on a project involving parallel processors, but ended up doing a bitmapped graphics accelerator (AMD 29116-based) for the then-new PC. Later he worked joined Silicon Graphics, Inc. (SGI) in May 1989, where he had the unlucky task of integrating the GL and X. He then joined Jim Clark and Marc Andreesson at Netscape in April 1994. He was the very first engineering manager, guiding his team through the 1.0 and 2.0 releases of Mozilla.

Scott O. Bradner


 - 1, 2, 3

Scott has been involved in the design, operation, and use of data networks at Harvard University since the early days of the Arpanet. He was involved in the design of the Harvard High-Speed Data Network (HSDN), the Longwood Medical Area network (LMAnet), and NEARNET. He was founding chair of the technical committees of LMAnet, NEARNET, and CoREN.

Andrew K. Morton


 (1960 - )   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

An English-born Aussie, Andrew Morton has worked on a wide range of kernel components, including ext3 on 2.4 and the low-latency patch. Andrew Morton will be the maintainer for the Linux 2.6 kernel and he recently joined The Open Source Development Labs (OSDL) along with Linus Torvalds.

Edsger Wybe Dijkstra


 (1930 - 2002)   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Dutch computer pioneer. Among his contributions to computer science are the shortest path-algorithm, also known as Dijkstra's algorithm. He received the Turing Award in 1972.

Larry W. McVoy


 (1962 - )   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Larry came from SUN Microsystems, is author of the sourceware document and founder of a startup called BitMover Inc. Bitmover's main product "BitKeeper Source Management software" is mainly written for Linus Torvalds after the "Linus doesn't scale" and VGER issue back in 1998.

Larry Page and Sergey Brin


 - 1

Google founders. 1996, Larry and Sergey had begun collaboration on a search engine called BackRub, named for its unique ability to analyze the "back links" pointing to a given website. From this Google Inc. opened its door in Menlo Park, California in 1998.

Robert Malda


 (1976 - )   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5    [website - email]

In 1997 Rob started Slashdot, a must-read web site for anyone trying to read the collective pulse of the tech industry.

Ward Christensen and Randy Suess


 - 1

Ward Christensen and Randy Suess, creators of the first Dial-Up CBBS (Computerized Bulletin Board System) in 1978.

Donald Watts Davies


 (1924 - 2000)   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Donald Davies and his colleagues at the UK National Physical Laboratories independently discovered the idea of packet switching, and later developed a smaller scale packet-switched version of the Arpanet.

Kenneth H. Olsen


 (1926 - )   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Olsen developed the first successful minicomputer and is best known for inventing "Magnetic Core Memory". He is the co-founder of Digital Equipment Corporation where they developed the MicroVAX which placed a minicomputer structure on a single microchip.

Yukihiro "Matz" Matsumoto


 - 1, 2, 3    [email]

The creator of the Ruby programming language. Matz is also known as one of the open source evangelists in Japan.

John George Kemeny


 (1926 - 1992)   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Kemeny invented, along with Thomas Kurtz, the BASIC (Beginners All-Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code) computer programming language, one of the most commonly used computer programming languages, in 1964 at Dartmouth College. Kemeny also worked on the Manhattan Project (1945) and afterwards (1948-49) as Albert Einstein's assistant.

Thomas Eugene Kurtz


 (1928 -)   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Kurtz invented, along with John Kemeny, the BASIC (Beginners All-Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code) computer programming language, one of the most commonly used computer programming languages, in 1964 at Dartmouth College.

Robert "Bob" William Bemer


 (1920 - 2004)   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Programmer Bob Bemer is often called the father of ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange) for his role in creating and standardizing the ASCII character set. The ASCII set consists of 128 characters that incorporate the upper- and lowercase alphabet, the numberals from 0 to 9, punctuation marks, and special characters (such as the backslash [/]) used in programming and on the keyboard. This set is standardized for use in computing, with each of the characters being assigned a specific number from 0 to 127.

Walter Jerry Sanders III


 (1936 - )   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

The founder of AMD (Advanced Micro Devices), has been a defining leader of the semiconductor industry for 35 years.

Sandy K. Lerner


 - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

In 1984 Sandy co-founded Cisco Systems with her husband Len Bosack while students at Standford University. They started experimenting with connecting two detached networks located in two different buildings on campus. With the help of two other Stanford staff members, Bosack and Lerner ran network cables between the buildings and connected them first with bridges and then routers. Cisco is not C.I.S.C.O. but is short for San Francisco.

David L. Mills


 (1938 - )   - 1, 2    [homepage - email]

The Domain Name System was conceived in RFC (Request for Comments) 799 in 1981. Written by Dr. David Mills who was at COMSAT at the time, RFC 799 outlined the concepts and facilities required for an Internet Name Domains system that would eventually scale to facilitate addressing of “thousands of hosts”. David also invented the NTP (Network Time Protocol).

Stephen R. Bourne


 - 1, 2, 3, 4    [website - email]

He designed the UNIX Command Language or "Bourne Shell" (sh) that is used for scripting in the UNIX programming environment. He was director of engineering for enterprise network management at Cisco Systems. Previously he held senior management positions at Sun Microsystems, Digital Equipment Corporation and Silicon Graphics. Steve also worked at Bell Laboratories as part of the Seventh Edition UNIX team.

Blaise Pascal


 (1623 - 1662)   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Blaise Pascal was a French mathematician, physicist, and religious philosopher. His contributions to the natural sciences include the construction of mechanical calculators. Pascal developed a mechanism to calculate with 8 figures and carrying of 10's, 100's, and 1000's etc. The machine is called the Pascaline. In honor to his scientific contributions, the name Pascal has been given to a programming language, as well as to many mathematical concepts.

Karlheinz Brandenburg


 (1954 - )   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5    [email]

Karlheinz Brandenburg is an audio engineer and is best known for inventing the audio compression scheme MPEG Audio Layer 3, more commonly known as MP3.

Lawrence "Larry" Joseph Ellison


 (1944 - )   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

The founder of Oracle Corporation.

Blake Ross & Ben Goodger


 - 1    [Blake's website - Ben's website]

The Firefox browser guys. Blake created Firefox and Ben is the development lead.

William "Bill" Frederick Jolitz


 - 1, 2    [homepage - email]

Co-creator of 386BSD and the "Father of Berkeley Unix Open Source". 386BSD was a free operating system produced from the BSD derived UNIX operating systems for the Intel 80386.

Bram Cohen


 (1976 - )   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5    [homepage]

Creator of BitTorrent. In early 2005 it was reported that one-third of all internet traffic was generated by BitTorrent use.

Alan Turing


 (1912 - 1954)   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

British mathematician, logician, and cryptographer, and is widely considered to be the father of computer science. With the Turing Test, he made a significant and characteristically provocative contribution to the debate regarding synthetic consciousness: whether it will ever be possible to say that a machine is conscious and can think.

Vannevar Bush


 (1890 - 1974)   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Many consider Bush to be the Godfather of our wired age often making reference to his 1945 essay, "As We May Think." In his article, Bush described a theoretical machine he called a "memex," which was to enhance human memory by allowing the user to store and retrieve documents linked by associations.

Daniel Bricklin


 (1951 - )   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5    [homepage - email]

Developed the worlds first successfull spreadsheet program called VisiCalc in 1979.

Jef Raskin


 (1943 - 2005)   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Started the Macintosh project for Apple Computer in the late 1970s.

Adam Osborne


 (1939 - 2003)   - 1

Adam Osborne was a British author, book and software publisher, and computer designer. Member of the famous Homebrew Computer Club, Adam developed the Osborne 1 which is considered by many to be the first portable computer (laptop). Osborne was also a pioneer in the computer book field, founding a company in 1972 that specialized in easy-to-read computer manuals. By 1977, Osborne Books had 40 titles in its catalog. In 1979, it was bought by McGraw-Hill.

Konrad Zuse


 (1910 - 1995)   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Konrad Zuse was the creator of the first full automatic, programm controlled and freely programmable, in binary floating point arithmetic working computer.

Ada Byron Lovelace


 (1815 - 1852)   - 1, 2, 3, 4

Analyst, Metaphysician, and Founder of Scientific Computing. Ada Lovelace is best known as the first computer programmer. She wrote about Charles Babbage's "Analytical Engine" with such clarity and insight that her work became the premier text explaining the process now known as computer programming.

John von Neumann


 (1903 - 1957)   - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

John von Neumann was a pioneer of the modern digital computer and the application of operator theory to quantum mechanics, a member of the Manhattan Project Team, and creator of game theory and the concept of cellular automata.

Recommended Reads 
  • Where Wizards Stay Up Late -The Origins of the Internet (1996) - All the details of who and what created the Internet.

  • Rebel Code (2001) - Inside Linux and the open source revolution.

  • A Quarter Century of UNIX (1994) - History of the development of the UNIX operating system and contains classic photos.

  • The Cathedral & The Bazaar (1999) - Musings on Linux and open source.

  • Just for Fun: The Story of an Accidental Revolutionary (2002) - Told by Linux creator Linus Torvalds.

  • Apple Confidential 2.0 (2004) - The Definitive History of the World's Most Colorful Company.

  • The Victorian Internet (1999) - The Remarkable Story of the Telegraph and the Nineteenth Century's On-Line Pioneers.

  • A Computer Geek's History of the Internet (2006) - My take on the history of the Internet.

  • White-Black-Grey Hat Hackers (2006) - My list of famous and infamous hackers.

  • This page is Copyrighted © Please contact me if you wish to reproduce anything found here.  Last updated: 12 July 2006